A child in the initial 2- 6 years takes the first steps in a lifelong learning journey. These formative years of a child is a very crucial time for their growth and development, which is also known as the “Golden Period”. In this age group, there are a set of age-specific skills that most children acquire at a certain age such as physical, cognitive, socially-emotional and communication skills. These skills act as important markers to check their growth and development periodically. These together form the foundation of the Developmental Milestones. Although each milestone has a targeted age, the actual age when a child reaches that milestone can vary quite a bit. But, an absence of it may signal a potential risk with the child’s development in that area. When such a risk is identified, it is important that the child receives relevant attention to ensure that the risk is formally assessed. Receiving early intervention in the golden age can significantly improve any developmental challenge that might be diagnosed by an expert.
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a childhood neurodevelopmental disorder. It is a condition related to brain development that causes impairments in three major areas – social interaction, communication, and imagination. Its global prevalence is estimated at 1 in 59 children as per Centres for Disease Control (CDC). The disorder also causes repetitive behaviors and are often accompanied by impairments in sensorimotor that interfere with everyday life. The symptoms of Autism often surface from 18-36 months of age.