Types of Learning Disabilities in Children - Kidaura


Types of Learning Disabilities in Children


Published by Madhushree

9 months ago

What are the different kinds of learning disabilities?

Learning disabilities includes a range of neurologically based learning disorders of various severity levels, sometimes referred to as specific learning disabilities. It refers to a disability in one or more psychological processes such as reading, writing, mathematics, etc.

  • Dyslexia
  • Dysgraphia
  • Dyscalculia
  • Dyspraxia
  • Auditory Processing Disorder
  • Sensory Processing Disorder


Dysgraphia is characterised by the person having difficulty converting the sounds of language into written form or knowing which alternate spelling to use for each sound.


  • inappropriately sized and spaced letters
  • write wrong or misspelt words
  • poor handwriting
  • difficulty expressing thoughts in writing


A learning disability which affects skills involved in reading, spelling and writing. Children with this condition will have normal intelligence and normal vision.


  • Learning new words slowly
  • Avoiding activities that involve reading
  • Problems remembering the sequence of things
  • Reading well below the expected level for age
  • Problems processing and understanding what he or she hears
  • Difficulty finding the right word or forming answers to questions


Dyscalculia is a term referring to a wide range of difficulties with maths, including weaknesses in understanding the meaning of numbers, and difficulty applying mathematical principles to solve problems.


  • difficulty understanding or remembering mathematical concepts such as multiplication, division, fractions, carrying, and borrowing
  • difficulty reconciling verbal or written cues (such as the word “two”) and their math symbols and signifiers (the number 2)
  • trouble explaining math processes or showing work when asked to complete a mathematical task
  • difficulty describing the sequence of events or remembering the steps in a math process.


Dyspraxia is a brain-based motor disorder. It affects fine and gross motor skills, motor planning, and coordination.


  • unusual body positions
  • general irritability
  • sensitivity to loud noises
  • feeding and sleeping problems
  • high level of movement of the arms and legs

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